COWRIE

COWRIE (Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment) was set up by The Crown Estate as an independent body to carry out research into the impact of offshore wind farm development on the environment and wildlife, evolving into a charity which has gained global recognition for its scientific and educational work.

The list below is a selection of some of the research papers produced

For a full list, please download the 'COWRIE Reports held by The Crown Estate' file. If you would like to receive a copy of one of these other reports please contact us:

Enquiries

COWRIE reports held by The Crown Estate (PDF, 0.12 MB)

Birds

Aerial Surveys Of Round 3, Zone 5 For Waterbirds - Final Report (PDF, 0.27 MB)

A review of assessment methodologies for offshore windfarms (PDF, 0.72 MB)

Best practice guidance for remote techniques for observing bird behaviour in relation to offshore wind farms (PDF, 0.72 MB)

Comparison of design and model based estimates of seabird abundance derived from visual, digital still transects and digital video aerial surveys in Carmarthen Bay (PDF, 0.87 MB)

Comparison of visual and digital aerial survey results of avian abundance for Round 3, Norfolk region (PDF, 1.27 MB)

COWRIE Workshop On The Cumulative Impact Of Offshore Windfarms On Birds (PDF, 0.79 MB)

Developing Guidance On Ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment For Offshore Wind Farm Developers (PDF, 2.44 MB)

Full scale trial of high definition video survey for offshore windfarm sites (PDF, 1.3 MB)

Further use of aerial surveys to detect bird displacement by offshore windfarms (PDF, 0.98 MB)

High definition imagery for surveying seabirds and marine mammals - a review of recent trials and development of protocols (PDF, 0.65 MB)

High resolution video survey of seabirds and mammals in the Rhyl Flats area (PDF, 2.27 MB)

Potential use of population viability analysis to assess the impact of offshore windfarms on bird populations (PDF, 0.45 MB)

Predicting the displacement of Common Scoter Melanitta Nigra from benthic feeding areas due to offshore wind farms Part 1 (PDF, 4.76 MB)

Predicting the displacement of Common Scoter Melanitta Nigra from benthic feeding areas due to offshore wind farms Part 2 (PDF, 1.77 MB)

Predicting the displacement of common scoter Melanitta nigra from benthic feeding areas due to offshore wind farms summary (PDF, 0.06 MB)

Quantifying the relative use of coastal waters by breeding terns – towards effective tools for planning and assessing the ornithological impact of offshore wind farms (PDF, 2.49 MB)

Revised best practice guidance for the use of remote techniques for ornithological monitoring offshore wind farms (PDF, 3.05 MB)

Towards standardised seabirds at sea census techniques in connection with environmental impact assessments for offshore wind farms in the UK (PDF, 2.68 MB)

Trial high definition video survey of seabirds (PDF, 1.1 MB)

Use of aerial surveys to detect bird displacement by offshore windfarms (PDF, 1.7 MB)

Coastal process

A further review of sediment monitoring data (PDF, 5.5 MB)

Coastal process modelling for offshore wind farm EIA – best practice guide (PDF, 2.03 MB)

Fish and seabed communities

A baseline assessment of electromagnetic fields generated by offshore wind farm cables (PDF, 0.66 MB)

Benefits and disadvantages of co-locating wind farms and marine conservation zones, with a focus on commercial fishing (PDF, 0.62 MB)

COWRIE 1.5 Electromagnetic Fields Review (PDF, 14.86 MB)

COWRIE 2.0 Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) phase 2 (PDF, 4.91 MB)

Options and opportunities for marine fisheries mitigation associated with wind farms (PDF, 0.68 MB)

Historic environment

Historic environment guidance for the offshore renewable energy sector (PDF, 3.07 MB)

Offshore geotechnical investigations and historic environment analysis - guidance for the renewable energy sector (PDF, 5.79 MB)

Metadata and information management

Development of spatial information layers for commercial fishing and shellfishing in UK waters to support strategic siting of offshore wind farms (PDF, 18.83 MB)

Establishing best practice for the documentation and dissemination of marine biological data (PDF, 1.14 MB)

Marine mammals

Acoustic mitigation devices (AMDS) to deter marine mammals from pile driving areas at sea - audibility and behavioural response of a harbour porpoise and harbour seals (PDF, 2.76 MB)

High resolution video survey of seabirds and mammals in the Rhyl Flats area (PDF, 2.27 MB)

Methodologies for measuring and assessing potential changes in marine mammal behaviour, abundance or distribution arising from the construction, operation and decommissioning of offshore windfarms (PDF, 2.37 MB)

Sound impacts

A review of offshore wind farm related underwater noise sources (PDF, 1.54 MB)

Assessment and costs of potential engineering solutions for the mitigation of the impacts of underwater noise arising from the construction of offshore wind farms (PDF, 2.38 MB)

Assessment of sub-sea noise and vibration from wind turbines and its impact on marine wildlife (PDF, 4.38 MB)

Assessment of the potential for acoustic deterrents to mitigate the impact on marine mammals of underwater noise arising from the construction of offshore wind farms (PDF, 1.12 MB)

Effects of offshore wind farm noise on marine mammals and fish (PDF, 0.62 MB)

Effects of pile driving noise on the behaviour of marine fish (PDF, 3.15 MB)

Measurement and assessment of background underwater noise (PDF, 3.56 MB)

Measurement and interpretation of underwater noise (PDF, 2.56 MB)

Measurement of underwater noise generated by acoustic mitigation devices (PDF, 4.03 MB)